The importance of healthy soil to healthy food production

Soil plays a vital role in the planet’s functioning and is the basis for sustenance for the planet’s inhabitants.

It preserves clean water and helps regulate the climate, and healthy soil is essential to ensure a steady supply of food and biodiversity.

Soils are the basis for agriculture and the medium in which nearly all food-producing plants grow. Healthy soils produce healthy crops that in turn nourish people and animals.

Soil quality is the foundation on which good farming is based and is directly linked to food quality and quantity. Soil loss translates into widespread poverty and slower economic development.

With a global population that is projected to exceed 9 billion by 2050, compounded by competition for land and water resources and the impact of climate change, the current and future food security hinges on the ability to increase yields and food quality using the soils that are already under production today.

Soil degradation reduces agricultural yields and threatens farmers’ livelihoods. Soil that has been leached of its nutrients cannot support crops, or plants that prevent desertification.

With improved soil management practices, however, soil can be protected and even regenerated. Properly managed soil will hold more rainwater, increasing crop yields and lessening the risk of erosion and polluted run-off that threaten fresh water supplies.

Composting, a simple process that anyone can do at home whether you live in a small apartment or a large house, is essential to the health of the planet’s soil.

Compost also improves soil structure so that soil can easily hold the correct amount of moisture, nutrients and air.

Rosa Medea is Life & Soul Magazine’s Chief @rosamedea

 

 

 

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